• Resumo

    Analysis of the dredging effects on current circulation and salinity of the Itajaí-Açú estuary

    Data de publicação: 19/05/2023

    The Itajaí-Açú river is the largest source of drainage in the state of Santa Catarina (Brazil). At the mouth of this river is located the Itajaí-Açú estuary, which is a highly stratified estuary, dominated mainly by river discharge. The port of Itajaí is located at the mouth of this estuary, which is one of the most important Brazilian ports. Due to the presence of the port, the Itajaí-Açú estuary is constantly dredged. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to analyse the effects of the dredging of 2011, which deepened the channel from 11 m to 14 m, on the estuary circulation of the Itajaí-Açú river in comparison to the estuary circulation in 2008. Thus, data on river discharge, recorded by a hydrometric station, and current velocity vertical profiles, recorded by an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) anchored in the channel of the estuary were analysed. A salinity analysis was also performed with data recorded by a CTD to compare the salinity stratification of the water column in the study period. Results showed an increase in current velocity in the estuary after the 2011 dredging. In both study periods (2008 and 2011), currents were ebb-directed to the river mouth. Results suggest that the dredging has modified the estuarine circulation as the currents intensified. Salinity results show an increase in values after the dredging (2011), being the water column clearly stratified.

Brazilian Journal of Aquatic Science and Technology

Ciências Ambientais, Ambientes Aquáticos e Costeiros. 

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