• Resumo

    Identifying suitable zones to Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) L.M.Liao farming in densely portion of Atlantic South

    Data de publicação: 29/01/2024

    Macroalgae aquaculture is growing even though still holds a remarkable potential for innovation, particularly on the development of valuable products. Algae aquaculture rapidly expanded into what currently represents approximately half of global marine aquaculture production landings (51%). In Brazil, seaweed aquaculture is more concentrated on the exotic species K. alvarezii, and the rearing areas are restricted to the southern coast of Rio de Janeiro State, northern São Paulo State, and central Santa Catarina State. The southern coast of Rio de Janeiro State, which comprises two socio-economical and geographically important bays: Ilha Grande and Sepetiba, is densely populated with multiple economic activities using coastal environments, where recently algae farming is considered strategic to its socioeconomic development, an alternative to oil-based economy. This study serves as a tool to identify suitable areas for Kappaphycus farming in this densely urbanized portion of southern Atlantic. We formulated suitability maps, as a marine spatial planning tool to facilitates decision making, for civil society, managers and investors while providing resources for algae farming sustainable development. Thirty-one maps were generated related to the criteria and constraints that influence their productivity. Individual weights were obtained through the judgment of technicians, researchers, and other stakeholders using the pairwise comparison method. The criteria and weights were combined using the multicriteria decision rules and the suitability map was created derived from reclassifications. Of the total area calculated, 12,88% are areas restricted for cultivation and 87,12% were considered suitable areas. The analyses indicated aquaculture potential for the entire region. Sepetiba Bay has more most suitable areas than Ilha Grande bay. However, the presence of heavy metals in Sepetiba Bay should be taken account when the biomass is for human consump even if it can be used for other purposes. In Ilha Grande bay due to intense use of the coastline and conflicts between existing heavy industries and conservation units, conflicts already overlap areas considered as very appropriate. The results contribute to the construction of a marine spatial planning, which assists producers, decision makers, and social actors in the sustainable development of seaweed farming.

  • Referências

    Aguilar-Manjarrez, J. and Kapetsky, J. 2007. Geographic information systems, remote sensing and mapping for the development and management of marine aquaculture.

    Araújo, P.G., Nardelli, A.E., Fujii, M.T. and Chow, F. 2020. Antioxidant properties of different strains of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta) farmed on the Brazilian coast. Taylor & Francis.

    Arena, U. 2012. Process and technological aspects of municipal solid waste gasification. A review. Elsevier.

    Ask, E.I. and Azanza, R.V. 2002. Advances in cultivation technology of commercial eucheumatoid species: a review with suggestions for future research.

    Begossi, A., May, P.H., Lopes, P.F., Oliveira, L.E.C., da Vinha, V. and Silvano, R.A.M. 2011. Compensation for environmental services from artisanal fisheries in SE Brazil: Policy and technical strategies.

    Benetti, D.D., Benetti, G.I., Rivera, J.A., Sardenberg, B. and O’Hanlon, B. 2010. Site Selection Criteria for Open Ocean Aquaculture.

    Bhuyar, P., Ab. Rahim, M.H., Sundararaju, S., Maniam, G.P. and Govindan, N. 2019. Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii against pathogenic bacteria.

    Brazil Federal Government 1998. Lei no 9.537, de 11 de dezembro de 1997 -Dispõe sobre a segurança do tráfego aquaviário em águas sob jurisdição nacional. In Diário Oficial da União. Brasilia, Brazil: Imprensa Oficial. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/LEIS/L9537.HTM.

    Brazil Federal Government 2004. Instrução Normativa Interministerial No6 de 31 de maio de 2004 - Estabelece as normas complementares para a autorização de uso dos espaços físicos em corpos d’água de domínio da União para fins de aquicultura, e dá outras providências. In Diário Oficial da União (pp. 1–26). Brasilia, Brazil: Imprensa Oficial. http://www.planejamento.gov.br/assuntos/patrimonio-da-uniao /legislacao/instrucoes-normativas /instrucoes-normativas-arquivos-pdf/in-interministerial-06-2004-aquicultura. pdf.

    Bulboa, C.R. and de Paula, E.J. 2005. Introduction of non-native species of Kappaphycus (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) in subtropical waters: Comparative analysis of growth rates of Kappaphycus alvarezii and Kappaphycus striatum in vitro and in the sea in south-eastern Brazil. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    Cai, J., Lovatelli, A., Stankus, A. and Zhou, X. 2021. Seaweed Revolution: Where is the Next Milestone? Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

    Campbell, R. and Hotchkiss, S. 2017. Carrageenan Industry Market Overview. In Hurtado, A. Q., Critchley, A. T. and Neish, I. C. (Eds) Tropical Seaweed Farming Trends, Problems and Opportunities: Focus on Kappaphycus and Eucheuma of Commerce. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 193–205.

    Castelar, B., Reis, R.P., Moura, A.L. and Kirk, R. 2009. Invasive potential of Kappaphycus alvarezii off the south coast of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil: a contribution to environmentally secure cultivation in the tropics. Walter de Gruyter.

    CEPERJ 2015. Produto interno bruto dos municípios.

    Chung, I.K., Beardall, J., Mehta, S., Sahoo, D. and Stojkovic, S. 2011. Using marine macroalgae for carbon sequestration: a critical appraisal. Springer.

    CONAMA 2005. Resolução no 357, de 17 de março de 2005.

    da Silva Filho, L.C.R. 2015. Análise da gestão costeira em baías: O caso da Baía de Sepetiba, Rio de Janeiro. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.

    de Góes, H.G. and Reis, R.P. 2012. Temporal variation of the growth, carrageenan yield and quality of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) cultivated at Sepetiba bay, southeastern Brazilian coast.

    Deepa, V., Acharya, A., Gupta, P., Kumar, R. and Sarkar, P. 2018. Antimicrobial potential of kappaphycus alvarezii against plant pathogens.

    dos Santos, A.A. and Hayashi, L. 2022. Dados estatísticos da produção da macroalga Kappaphycus alvarezii em Santa Catarina, Safra 2021/2022.

    Doty, M.S., Caddy, J. and Santelices, B. 1987. The production and use of Eucheuma.

    Falconer, Hunter DC, Scott PC, Telfer TC and Ross LG 2013. Using physical environmental parameters and cage engineering design within GIS-based site suitability models for marine aquaculture.

    FAO 2022. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Rome.

    Ferreira, A.B.G., do Amaral Carneiro, M.A., de Oliveira Fernandes, F. and Soriano, E.M. 2021. Evaluation of ecosystem services provided by farmed and wild seaweeds.

    Francisco, H.R., Fabrício Corrêia, A. and Feiden, A. 2019. Classification of Areas Suitable for Fish Farming Using Geotechnology and Multi-Criteria Analysis.

    Gelli, V.C., Patino, M.T.O., Rocha, J.V., Barbieri, E., Miranda-Filho, K.C. and Henriques, M.B. 2020. Production of the Kappaphycus alvarezii extract as a leaf biofertilizer: technical and economic analysis for the north coast of São Paulo-Brazil.

    Glenn, E.P. and Doty, M.S. 1990. Growth of the seaweeds Kappaphycus alvarezii, K. striatum and Eucheuma denticulatum as affected by environment in Hawaii.

    Gonçalves, R.A., Oliveira, D.F., Rezende, C.E., Almeida, P., Lacerda, L.D. de, da Gama, B.A. and Godoy, J.M. 2020. Spatial and temporal effects of decommissioning a zinc smelter on the sediment quality of an estuary system: Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. SciELO Brasil.

    Granbom, M., Pedersén, M., Kadel, P. and Lüning, K. 2002. Circadian rhythm of photosynthetic oxygen evolution in Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta): Dependence on light quantity and quality.

    Guan, X., Wang, J., Zhu, J., Yao, C., Liu, J., Qin, S. and Jiang, P. 2013. Photosystem II Photochemistry and Phycobiliprotein of the Red Algae Kappaphycus alvarezii and Their Implications for Light Adaptation. Hindawi Publishing Corporation.

    Hargreaves, P.I. 2013. Produção de etanol a partir de Kappaphycus alvarezii-Biocombustível de terceira geração. Tese de Doutorado.

    Hayashi, L. and Reis, R. 2012. Cultivation of the red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii in Brazil and its pharmacological potential.

    Hilber, I., Bastos, A.C., Loureiro, S., Soja, G., Marsz, A., Cornelissen, G. and Bucheli, T.D. 2017. The different faces of biochar: contamination risk versus remediation tool. Taylor & Francis.

    Hurtado, A., Bleicher-Lhonneur, G. and Critchley, A. 2008. Kappaphycus ‘cottonii’farming (revised ed.).

    Hurtado, A.Q., Agbayani, R.F., Sanares, R. and de Castro-Mallare, Ma.T.R. 2001. The seasonality and economic feasibility of cultivating Kappaphycus alvarezii in Panagatan Cays, Caluya, Antique, Philippines.

    IBAMA 2008. Instrução Normativa IBAMA n° 185, de 22 de julho de 2008.

    IBAMA 2020. Instrução Normativa IBAMA n° 1, de 21 de janeiro de 2020.

    IBGE 2021. Coordenação de População e Indicadores Sociais, Estimativas da população residente com data de referência 1o de julho de 2020. Diretoria de Pesquisas.

    INEA 2015a. Norma Operacional Padrão 32 - Licenciamento Ambiental da Aquicultura Marinha. In Diário Oficial do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (pp. 1–6). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Imprensa Oficial do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.

    INEA 2015b. Diagnóstico do Setor Costeiro da Baía da Ilha Grande - Subsídios à Elaboração do Zoneamento Ecólogico-Econômico Costeiro.

    Khotijah, S., Irfan, M. and Muchdar, F. 2020. Nutritional Composition of Seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii.

    Kjerfve, B., Dias, G., Filippo, A. and Geraldes, M. 2020. Oceanographic and environmental characteristics of a coupled coastal bay system: Baía de Ilha Grande-Baía de Sepetiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

    Kumar, K., Ks, G. and Subba Rao, P.V. 2014. Seasonal variation in nutritional composition of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty—an edible seaweed.

    Landuci, F., Bez, M.F., Ritter, P.D. et al. 2021a. Mariculture in a densely urbanized portion of the Brazilian coast: Current diagnosis

    and directions for sustainable development. Elsevier.

    Landuci, F., Costa, P.M., Silvestri, F., Costa, S., Bez, M., Ritter, P. and Zanette, G. 2021b. Plano Estratégico para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável da Aquicultura Costeira Fluminense 2021-2031.

    Landuci, F., Rodrigues, D.F., Fernandes, A.M., Scott, P.C. and Poersch, L.H. da S. 2020. Geographic Information System as an instrument to determine suitable areas and identify suitable zones to the development of emerging marine finfish farming in Brazil. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    Lideman, Nishihara, G.N., Noro, T. and Terada, R. 2013. Effect of temperature and light on the photosynthesis as measured by chlorophyll fluorescence of cultured Eucheuma denticulatum and Kappaphycus sp. (Sumba strain) from Indonesia.

    Marroig, R.G. and Reis, R.P. 2011. Does biofouling influence Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex Silva farming production in Brazil? Springer.

    Marroig, R.G. and Reis, R.P. 2016. Biofouling in Brazilian commercial cultivation of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex PC Silva. Springer.

    Menezes, A. 2020. Seaweed Beyond Farming-Development Opportunities Offered by Nature. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

    Miranda, L., Castro, B. and Kjerfve, B. 2002. Principles of physical oceanography of estuaries.

    Munoz, J., Freile-Pelegrin, Y. and Robledo, D. 2004. Mariculture of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Solieriaceae) color strains in tropical waters of Yucatán, México.

    Nath, S.S., Bolte, J.P., Ross, L.G. and Aguilar-Manjarrez, J. 2000. Applications of geographical information systems (GIS) for spatial decision support in aquaculture.

    Nogueira, M.C.F. and Henriques, M.B. 2020. Large-scale versus family-sized system production: economic feasibility of cultivating Kappaphycus alvarezii along the southeastern coast of Brazil.

    Nursidi, Ali, S.A., Anshary, H. and Tahya, A.M. 2017. Environmental parameters and specific growth of Kappaphycus alvarezii in Saugi Island, South sulawesi Province, Indonesia.

    Oliveira, E.C. de 1997. Algas marinhas: um recurso ainda pouco explotado pelo Brasil.

    Paula, E. de and Pereira, R. 2003. Factors affecting the growth rate of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P. Silva (Rhodophyta, Solieriaceae) in sub-tropical waters of São Paulo State, Brazil. Oxford University Press, pp. 381–8.

    Pérez, O.M., Telfer, T.C. and Ross, L.G. 2005. Geographical information systems-based models for offshore floating marine fish cage aquaculture site selection in Tenerife, Canary Islands. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    PNUD, IPEA & FJP 2012. Brazilian Human Development Atlas 2013.

    Quirino, S., Quaresma, D., Dilelis, F. et al. 2020. Adição da macroalga Kappaphycus alvarezii em rações de frangos de corte na fase inicial.

    Rahman, M. and Sathasivam, K.V. 2015. Heavy metal adsorption onto Kappaphycus sp. from aqueous solutions: the use of error functions for validation of isotherm and kinetics models. Hindawi.

    Reis, R.P., das Chagas Pereira, R.R. and de Góes, H.G. 2015. The efficiency of tubular netting method of cultivation for Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) on the southeastern Brazilian coast. Springer.

    Reis, R.P., Loureiro, R.R. and Mesquita, F.S. 2011. Does salinity affect growth and carrageenan yield of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Gigartinales/Rhodophyta)? Blackwell Publishing Ltd Oxford, UK.

    Rocha, D., Cunha, B., Geraldes, M., Pereira, S. and Almeida, A. 2010. Metais pesados em sedimentos da baía de Sepetiba, RJ: implicações sobre fontes e dinâmica da distribuição pelas correntes de maré Resumo.

    Rocha, D.S., Cunha, B.C., Geraldes, M.C. and Pereira, S.D. 2012. Metais pesados analisados em sedimentos da baia de Sepetiba: comparação de extração por lixiviação versus dissolução total.

    Saaty, T.L. 1994. How to Make a Decision: The Analytic Hierarchy Process. INFORMS.

    Schultz-Zehde, A. and Matczak, M. 2012. Submariner Compendium. An Assessment of Innovative and Sustainable Uses of Baltic Marine Resources. Maritime Institute, Gdańsk.

    Shih, Y.-C. 2017. Integrated GIS and AHP for Marine Aquaculture Site Selection in Penghu Cove in Taiwan.

    Simatupang, N.F., Pong-Masak, P.R., Ratnawati, P., Agusman, Paul, N.A. and Rimmer, M.A. 2021. Growth and product quality of the seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii from different farming locations in Indonesia.

    Souza, A., Geraldes, M., Almeida, B., Cunha, B. and Rocha, D. 2014. Capítulo XV. Concetrações de metais e assinatura isotópica Pb/Pb na Costa Verde (RJ)- Região entre Angra dos Reis e Sepetiba.

    Stigebrandt, A. 2011. Carrying capacity: general principles of model construction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    Tammeorg, P., Bastos, A.C., Jeffery, S. et al. 2017. Biochars in soils: towards the required level of scientific understanding. Taylor & Francis.

    Terada, R., Vo, T.D., Nishihara, G.N., Shioya, K., Shimada, S. and Kawaguchi, S. 2016. The effect of irradiance and temperature on the photosynthesis and growth of a cultivated red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii (Solieriaceae) from Vietnam, based on in situ and in vitro measurements.

    Theuerkauf, S.J., Barrett, L.T., Alleway, H.K., Costa-Pierce, B.A., St. Gelais, A. and Jones, R.C. 2022. Habitat value of bivalve shellfish and seaweed aquaculture for fish and invertebrates: Pathways, synthesis and next steps. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    Tresnati, J., Yasir, I., Zainuddin, Z., Syafiuddin, Aprianto, R. and Tuwo, A. 2021. Metal bioaccumulation potential of the seaweed appaphycus alvarezii.

    Ulises, I., Roldán, M., Mitsuhara, A. et al. 2017. Chemical, structural, and ultrastructural analysis of waste from the carrageenan and sugar-bioethanol processes for future bioenergy generation.

    Vairappan, C.S., Chung, C.S., Hurtado, A., Soya, F.E., Lhonneur, G.B. and Critchley, A. 2008. Distribution and symptoms of epiphyte infection in major carrageenophyte-producing farms. Springer.

    Valenti, W.C., Barros, H.P., Moraes-Valenti, P., Bueno, G.W. and Cavalli, R.O. 2021. Aquaculture in Brazil: past, present and future.

    Verheijen, F.G., Mankasingh, U., Penizek, V. et al. 2017. Representativeness of European biochar research: part I–field experiments. Taylor & Francis.

    Vijn, S., Compart, D.P., Dutta, N. et al. 2020. Key Considerations for the Use of Seaweed to Reduce Enteric Methane Emissions From Cattle.

    Willmott, C.J. 1981. ON THE VALIDATION OF MODELS. Taylor & Francis.

    Yuan, H., Song, J., Li, X., Li, N. and Liu, S. 2011. Enhanced immunostimulatory and antitumor activity of different derivatives of κ-carrageenan oligosaccharides from Kappaphycus striatum. Springer.

Brazilian Journal of Aquatic Science and Technology

Ciências Ambientais, Ambientes Aquáticos e Costeiros. 

BJAST adota a política de publicação contínua de artigos. Assim, sempre que um manuscrito for aprovado para publicação, estará imediatamente disponível para leitura. 


Access journal