Populational and reproductive aspects of Southern <i>Macrobrachium acanthurus</i> (Wiegmann, 1836) (Crustacea: Palaemonidae), Brazil


  • Ana Francisca Tamburus Gomes Universidade de Sao Paulo
  • Emerson C Mossolin Universidade de Sao Paulo
  • Fernando l Mantelatto Universidade de Sao Paulo




Macrobrachium acanthurus has a wide geographic distribution in America, mainly in rivers that flow into the Atlantic Ocean. Considering the economic interest in the Brazilian freshwater shrimp culture and its potential as a living resource, this study addresses the population and reproductive information of M. acanthurus that inhabit the north coast of São Paulo State. Individuals (N: 466,164 males and 302 females, with size ranging from 3.96 to 35.14 mm of carapace length) were captured with sieves (two people during 30 minutes) and traps (four hours after the nightfall) in April and October/2008 and in March/2009. Females were predominant in all sampled months; their ovaries showed changes in color and their size increased according to the developmental stage. The presence and percentage of ovigerous females in all sampled months indicated the possibility that the reproductive activity was continuous. The average fecundity (2299 ± 1653 eggs) found was directly related to the female’s size. The ovarian development occurred concomitantly with the eggs’ development, indicating successive spawning. It was observed that the eggs changed color and increased their volume independently of the female size. The absence of embryo loss during the incubation process may be speculated to be an efficient strategy developed by the ovigerous females, as a mechanism of parental care against the most common causes of egg loss.

Biografia do Autor

Ana Francisca Tamburus Gomes, Universidade de Sao Paulo

Aluna de MS do PPG em Biologia Comparada, Depto Biologia - FFCLRP/USP; Area ecologia e sistematica de crustaceos decapodes

Emerson C Mossolin, Universidade de Sao Paulo

Pós-Doutorando - CAPES, Depto Biologia - FFCLRP/USP; Area ecologia e sistematica de crustaceos decapodes de agua doce

Fernando l Mantelatto, Universidade de Sao Paulo

Professor Titular do Departamento de Biologia da FFCLRP/USP; Pesquisador 1 do CNPq; Area biologia e sistematica de crustaceos decapodes