JUSTIÇA, RESPONSABILIZAÇÃO E RECONCILIAÇÃO: OS CASOS DAS CRIANÇAS SOLDADOS NOS CONFLITOS ARMADOS DA LIBÉRIA, SERRA LEOA E UGANDA

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14210/rdp.v17n1.p73-105

Palavras-chave:

Crianças Soldados, Justiça Restaurativa, Justiça Retributiva, Reintegração, Responsabilização Criminal

Resumo

Este artigo debate a questão das crianças soldados, em relação ao seu recrutamento por grupos armados, aos processos de reintegração e responsabilização pelos crimes cometidos quando membros dos grupos armados. Utiliza a pesquisa qualitativa que inclui os estudos dos casos das guerras civis da Libéria (1989-2003) e Serra Leoa (1991-2002), e da insurgência no norte de Uganda (1986-2008). Utilizamos o método de abordagem dedutivo a partir de fontes primárias e secundárias. O argumento é que, apesar da dinâmica dos recrutamentos ser semelhante, a decisão de como lidar com a responsabilização criminal das ex-crianças soldados tem relação com o tipo de conflito vivido pelo Estado e o entendimento de como deve ser a justiça no contexto da reconciliação nacional. O artigo conclui que, embora os três casos possuam semelhanças em relação ao recrutamento e uso de crianças nos conflitos, a reintegração e a responsabilização se deram de modos diferentes.

Biografia do Autor

Sergio Luiz Cruz Aguilar, Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP)

Livre Docente em Segurança Internacional. Professor Associado do Curso de Relações Internacionais da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Campus de Marília-SP e dos programas de pós-graduação San Tiago Dantas em Relações Internacionais (UNESP-UNICAMP-PUC-SP) e de Ciências Sociais da UNESP, Campus de Marília-SP. Foi pesquisador visitante na Universidade de Oxford - Reino Unido. É Bolsista de Produtividade em Pesquisa do CNPq.

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09.06.2022

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Aguilar, S. L. C., & Guerra, M. E. (2022). JUSTIÇA, RESPONSABILIZAÇÃO E RECONCILIAÇÃO: OS CASOS DAS CRIANÇAS SOLDADOS NOS CONFLITOS ARMADOS DA LIBÉRIA, SERRA LEOA E UGANDA. Revista Eletrônica Direito E Política, 17(1), 73–105. https://doi.org/10.14210/rdp.v17n1.p73-105

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